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Choose a vine climate

Monday 14 May 2012,
by  


To avoid the sad spectacle of a vegetation burned by frost, should choose a plant according to the place and the local climate. This article will help you make a wise choice.

The variety of vines to wrap around a pergola is very large.

He must first distinguish three broad categories of plants:

  • The vines which coil in one way or another and have need of any help for the pergola. They are designated with letters G E (climbing which coil) in the tables of species. The most powerful of them can pose some problems if the structures are insufficiently robust: les glycines are able to twist metal structures and break the pergolas with concrete pillar, for example.
  • The climbing clinging tendrils, spikes or other systems. They are designated with the letters G (vines which cling) in the tables of species. They are very common and will take on the pergola in there hanging their tendrils or their aerial roots. They may need to be helped to set properly on the media, at least the first years: Ivy, climbing hydrangea, vine...
  • The whose who do not cling, but rely. They are designated with the letter S (for Twining) in the tables of species. Need help stripe on their support under penalty to see them collapse: climbing roses, jasmines, actinide...

Choose plants that suit best to dress your pergola, to take into account several elements:

1 resistance to frost

This is the first test of choice to avoid dying your plants of the first harsh winter. All the plants we offer are classified according to the first criterion, in 5 tables:

  • hardiness to-30 ° C or even less (zones 3 and 4) mountain and continental climates
  • hardiness to-20 ° C or even less (zones 5 and 6) average climate, plains and hills of France
  • hardiness to-12 ° C or even less (zone 7) average Mediterranean climate or oceanic mild
  • hardiness to-8 ° C or even less (zone 8) maritime and Mediterranean climate protected
  • hardiness to-2 ° C (zone 9) very protected the softer areas exhibitions


2 their requirement for their culture

dry soil, poor soil, rich soil, light, shadow...


3 - their interest (s)

Are you looking for flowers, beautiful foliage, decorative fruit, edible fruit, flowers that smell good. Do you want Evergreen or deciduous plants?


4 Possibility of association

Many climbing can "marry" between them and form a beautiful décor, throughout the year. But it must take some precautions:

  • Les glycines cannot be mixed with other plants what choke.
  • The Honeysuckles mix between them but can suffocate other plants.
  • The climbing type GE or GA, to be mixed with with reaches must be smaller than they and grow less quickly.
  • All the reaches mix very well together (example: Roses and Clematis).
  • Instead of too want to mix different species, it often easier and less risky to mix different varieties of the same species (various roses between them, various Clematis, various glycines...).
  • You can also mix of annual climbing (Cobee, Sweetpeas, bean of Spain, Ipomoea, Capucine, Thunbergia)... with Evergreen plants. This allows to change the scene with its mood from one year to the other.


If you live in an area where the gels can reach - 30 ° C at least

or even less (zones 3 and 4) mountain and continental climates

Climbing plants with a hardiness to-30 ° C
Name Type Height Nature of foliage Interest (s) dominant (s) Elements of culture
Tricolour vine
Ampelopsis brevipedonculata
G A 3 to 10 m caduc -leaves variegated green, cream and pink
- Berry blue turquoise
sol rich and fresh - mi shadow
Japan double flower field bindweed
Calystegia hederacea ’Flore Pleno’
G E 4-5 m caduc Foliage rose drage in the summer and fall sol rich and fresh - mi shadow
Climbing Celastre
Celastrus scandens
S 5-6 m caduc -foliage + or - 10 cm elliptical
-Fruits in clusters red-orange-yellow
sol fresh and light - shade mi
Clematis of the mountains
Clematis ’Montana’
S 6-8 m caduc White flowering in late spring purple sol rich and fresh - walk in the shade and head to the Sun - toxic
Climbing ivy
Hedera helix (many varieties)
G A 3 to 12 m persistant Foliage Green variegated rdinary fresh .sol, shade or semi-shade
Golden hops
Humulus lupulus ’aurea’
G E 6m caduc - fragrant Fruits
- "cones" in sept/oct.
fresh soil to dry, Sun or semi-shade
Climbing hydrangea
Hydrangea petiolaris
G A 6 to 19 m and + caduc -scented flowering white Corymbs
pure early was
- green foliage and yellow in the fall of
ich and fresh, .sol shade to semi-shade
Virgin vines of Virginia
Parthenocissus quinquefolia
G A 10-15 m caduc -beautiful foliage in the fall of
-cluster of blue berries
sol rich and fresh fruit well drained, Sun or semi-shade
Virgin vines
Parthenocissus tricuspidata
G A 15 to 20 m caduc -beautiful foliage in the fall of
- fruit cluster of blue berries
Any soil, Sun or semi-shade
Fallopia
Polygonum aubertii
S 10m caduc or persistent -flowering scented, white green was fall Any soil, Sun or semi-shade
Climbing roses
Climbing roses
many varieties, many colours
S 2 to 8 m caduc - scented flowering
- foliage depending on variety
Fresh ordinary well drained soil, Sun or semi-shade
Glycine Okayama
Wisteria brachybotrys ’Okayama’
G E 6m caduc -scented flowering
- purple lilacs in may
Well drained soil rich and fresh, Sun, toxic


If you live in an area where the gels can reach about - 20 ° C

(zones 5 and 6) average climate of the Plains and hills of France

Climbing plants with hardiness up to-20 ° C approximately </caption style='max-width: 500px; max-height: 10000px'>
<thead><tr class='row_first'><th id='id0f35_c0'> Name </th><th id='id0f35_c1'> Type </th><th id='id0f35_c2'> Height </th><th id='id0f35_c3'> Nature of foliage </th><th id='id0f35_c4'>Interest (s) dominant (s) </th><th id='id0f35_c5'> Elements of culture </th></tr></thead>
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<tr class='row_odd odd'>
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<div class='spip_documents spip_document_265 spip_lien_ok' style=' width:145px; border-width:0;  box-shadow:none;'>
<div>
<a href= Bignone to large flowers
Bignone to large flowers
Campsis grandiflora
G A 4-6 m caduc - salmon red flowering
- great foliage cut
Any soil in full sun
Yellow bignone
Campsis radicans ’flava’
G A 12m caduc -saffron yellow flowering in the summer
-great foliage cut
Any soil in full sun
Bignone praecox
Campsis radicans ’praecox’
G A 12m caduc -Red flowering in the summer
-great foliage cut
Any soil in full sun
Bignone Ms Gallen
Campsis tagliabuana ’Ms Gallen’
G A 6-10 m caduc -orange red flowering in the summer
-great foliage cut
Any soil in full sun
Clematis in large flowers
Clematis hybrid
S 2 to 8 m caduc Many varieties, color and diverse blooms Ground light humic, head to the sun shade feet, toxic
Japanese knotweed Turkestan (of Bukhara)
Fallopia baldschuanica (Buddleja)
S 14m and + caduc or persistent White flowering late summer and fall Soil rich and fresh, semi-shade
Ireland & Colchis Ivy
Hedera hibernica & h. colchicus
G A 5-8 m persistant Large variegated green sheet Soil humic fresh but well-drained, shade or semi-shade
Persistent Honeysuckle
Lonicera henryi
G E 5-6 m persistant - scented flowering
- cream of June seven.
Ordinary and fresh soil in semi-shade
Climbing hybrid Honeysuckle
Lonicera x heckrottii
G E 3m caduc or persistent - scented flowering
- rose red from May to August
Any ordinary soil, Sun or shade
Climbing Honeysuckle
Lonicera japonica chinensis
G E 10m caduc or persistent - scented flowering
- yellow to red in April to seven.
Any soil, Sun or semi-shade
The Japan Honeysuckle
Lonicera japonica halliana
G E 10m caduc or persistent - scented flowering
- April-seven white.
Any soil, Sun or shade
Climbing roses
Many varieties, many colours
S 2 to 8 m caduc - flowering scented following var.
- color according to var.
Fresh ordinary well drained soil, Sun or semi-shade
False Jasmine star
Trachelospermum jasminoides
G A 6m persistant -flowering scented following var.
- white from June to August
Soil-rich, dry, full-sun
Large-leaved vine
Vitis coignetiae
G A 10 to 12 m caduc Beautiful foliage in the fall Fresh light well drained soil, Sun or semi-shade
Edible grape vine
Edible grape vine
Vitis vinifera
G A 10 to 20 m caduc -beautiful foliage in the fall of
- edible table grape
Choose a variety resistant to frost, very drained soil, full sun
White Glycine from Japan
Wisteria floribunda ’Alba’
G E 15m caduc - scented flowering
- white in may, 40-60 cm
luster.Ordinary and fresh soil to the Sun - toxic


If you live in an area where the gels can reach about - 12 ° C

(zone 7) non-sheltered Mediterranean climate or oceanic mild

Climbing plants with hardiness up to-12 ° C approximately </caption style='max-width: 500px; max-height: 10000px'>
<thead><tr class='row_first'><th id='idc5d7_c0'> Name </th><th id='idc5d7_c1'> Type </th><th id='idc5d7_c2'> Height </th><th id='idc5d7_c3'> Nature of foliage </th><th id='idc5d7_c4'>Interest (s) dominant (s) </th><th id='idc5d7_c5'> Elements of culture </th></tr></thead>
<tbody>
<tr class='row_odd odd'>
<td headers='idc5d7_c0'><!--DEBUT VIGNETTE, NV=3-->
<div class='vignette spip_documents_left' style='width:155px;'>
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<div>
<a href= Pink - White - Green Actinidier
Pink - White - Green Actinidier
Actinidia kolomikta
S 5m caduc Pink, green and white foliage Rich deep well-drained soil fresh in the Sun
Five-leaf Akebia
Akebia quinata
G E 5 to 10 m caduc or persistent -flowering scented, discrete, April May - chocolate
- divided foliage in 5, lightweight, nice green
sol rich, filter and fresh dry - full sun
Bignone hybrid
Campsis x tagliabuana
G A 8 to 12 m caduc -flowering was autumn, red to yellow ich .sol, filtering and fresh - plein soleil - latex irritating
Wattakaka of China
Dregea sinensis
S 6-8 m caduc -old rose in June July
- large leaves in the heart
sol ordinary and fresh and in full sun
Carolina Jasmine
Gelsemium sempervirens
S 3-6 m persistant - scented flowering, December to June - yellow sol ordinary and fresh and in full sun
Compendial Jasmin
Jasminum officinalis
S 8-10 m caduc -flowering scented, white June to October sol rich and fresh dry - full sun
Etienne Jasmin
Jasminum x stephanense
S 3-4 m caduc Flowering scented, pink from April to September ich .sol, humic and dry - full sun
Blue passion flower
Passiflora caerulae
G A 8m caduc or persistent -flowering scented, white and blue April / November
- orange edible fruit
any fresh well drained soil - Sun to semishade
Jasmin Italy
Rhyncospermum jasminoides
G A 4-6 m persistant - flowering scented, white in May and June
- dark green foliage luisant
any fresh rich soil dry - Sun or semi-shade
Questionable Thladiante
Thladiantha dubia ’Eva’
S 4-5 m caduc - flowering stunning, yellow in the summer
- left foot each year
ery fresh .sol - shade to semi-shade
False Asian jasmin
Trachelospermum asiaticum
G A 5m persistant - flowering was - cream white
- dark green foliage brilliant
sol rich, fresh and well drained - Sun or mi shadow
False Jasmine star
Trachelospermum jasminoides
G A 6m persistant -White flowering from June to August
- dark green foliage brilliant
ich and dry - .sol full sun
Edible grape vine
Edible grape vine
Vitis vinifera
G A 10 to 20 m caduc -beautiful foliage in the fall of
- edible table grape
All very drained soil, full sun


If you live in a region where the gels do not - exceed 8 ° C

(zone 8) maritime and Mediterranean climate protected

Climbing plants with hardiness up to-8 ° C approximately
Name Type Height Nature of foliage Interest (s) dominant (s) Elements of culture
Kiwi
Actinidia chinensis
S 9m caduc -flowering cream in June
- delicious fruit in the fall
sol ordinary well drained fresh, Sun
Araujia silk (cruel plant)
Araujia serifera
G E 3 to 8 m persistant - was - porcelain white rose
- large fruit flowering, fluffy decorative
sol well drained - Sun to semishade - toxic Milky juice
Aristolochia
Aristolochia duror
G E 8m caduc Very strange flower in summer sol light fresh humic well drained, in semi-shade
Bignone to tendrils
Campsis capreolata
G A 3m persistant - large blooms in summer, red and orange
- franc green foliage, light
resh filter rich .sol dry - full sun
Armand Clematis
Clematis armandii
S 6-8 m persistant Flowering scented, white, from February to may sol rich and fresh - walk in the shade and head to the Sun - toxic
Clematis sieboldii
Clematis florida ’Sieboldii’
S 4m caduc hite .floraison - purple June July sol rich and fresh - walk in the shade and head to the Sun - toxic
The Canarie ’Gloire de Marengo’ Ivy
Hedera algeriensis ’Gloire de Marengo’
G A 8m persistant grande variegated leaf Fresh but well-drained light soil, shade or semi-shade
Holboellie
Holboellia coriacea
G A 6 to 7 m persistant -flowering scented, white spring
- Fruits fresh aspect of large purple plums
sol and humic - full sun
Compendial Jasmin
Jasminum officinalis
G A 8-10 m caduc Flowering scented, white during the summer sol rich and fresh dry (summer) - plein soleil
Bignone jasminoide
Pandorea jasminoides
G A 3-4 m persistant -flowering rose in summer and fall
- cut, large and dark green foliage
ich .sol, cool in summer, in full sun
Purple passion flower
Passiflora violacea
GA 5-6 m caduc or persistent -flowering scented, purple and blue April / November
- Orange edible fruit
any well drained soil, Sun - protecting the foot winter
Virgin vines of Henry
Parthenocissus henryana
GA 10m caduc -beautiful foliage in the fall of
- clusters of dark blue berries
sol light and poor, well-drained costs, shade or semi-shade
Rose Banks liane
Rosa banksiae ’alba plena’ or ’lutea’
S 10m persistant White or yellow flowers in the spring rdinary .sol, dry to fresh, semi-shade or Sun
Schizophragma false hortensia
Schizophragma hydrangeoides
G A 10m caduc Flowers white July August resh ordinary well drained .sol, shade to semi-shade
Nightshade false jasmin
Solanum jasminoides
S 5m caduc White flowering or violet may to October any although soil drains, Sun - protecting the foot winter
Cape bignone
Tecoma capensis
G A 3-6 m caduc - flowering yellow, orange, red, summer
- cut, large and dark green foliage
ell enough rich .sol drained Sun
Tuberous Nasturtium
Mashua
S 3m oot .repousse nnually.-orange yellow flowering August to October
- green foliage silver
rdinary .sol to poor, rather dry in the Sun. Cover the foot if t < at-10 ° C


If you live in a region where the gels are very rare and not exceed pas - 2 ° C

(zone 9) very protected the softer areas exhibitions

Climbing plants with hardiness to-2 ° C approximately
Name Type Height Nature of foliage Interest (s) dominant (s) Elements of culture
Virginia bignone
Campsis radicans
G A 6-8 m and + caduc Flowering was red autumn orange sol well-drained rich and fresh - full sun
Hardenbergia white, pink, blue
Hardenbergia alba/rosea / violacea In the photo, an Alba
S 3m persistant -flowering late March to may
- elongate and green foliage glossy
on-calcareous well-drained .sol, resists a short-term drought
Jasmine star flower
Jasminum multiflorum
S 3m persistant Scented, white flowers all summer sol rich but well drained, costs to sec - Sun or semi-shade
Mandevilla sanderi
Mandevilla sanderi
G E 2m persistant -Pink White red flowering April to December
- dark green glossy foliage
sol rich but well-drained, rather dry - Sun
Vineyard snail
Vigna caracalla
G E 2-6 m persistant - scented flowering, snail, White gloss spring summer
- long edible pod
ruit.Soil humic well-drained fresh, Sun to semishade

It goes without saying that in mild climate regions is also planting climbing cold climate.


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