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All about pergolas

Tuesday 13 December 2011,

The beautiful days are finally here. Meals and apéros taken on the terrace are moments of pleasure and unforgettable usability... but can turn into hell under a burning sun. Pergolas and arbors are there for we protect. How to navigate the offer?

Pergola is a word of Italian origin. It is a small building that is intended to serve as a support for climbing plants. The structure is made of horizontal beams, supported by Poles. First use date back to antiquity. The garden of the Prieuré d’orsan has a pergola on which rests of vine. It can gently shade the terrace.


The pergola is used as:

  • support to climbing vegetation (vine, glycine, clematis, etc.). More info: Climbing plants for pergolas..
  • protection against solar radiation.
  • sometimes protection against heat thanks to climbing plants that promotes a microclimate through evaporation.
  • shelter rain fine if the pergola is equipped with store and dense vegetation. Breeze-view to protect themselves from prying.

The pergola as a support for climbing plants
The pergola as a support for climbing plants
The canisses of this pergola provides a significant shadow breaking the opposite
The canisses of this pergola provides a significant shadow breaking the opposite
This pergola polycarbonate plates to protect themselves from the rain

Pergola type

You can see the pergola as a kind of non-closed veranda. Indeed, some owners begin by installing a pergola and the close to a do a veranda. Normally, in this case must be a statement of work or even file a permit to construct to the Town Hall (more info: Administrative procedures).

The pergola to cover and accompany a path

The pergola can lean against your home, on a terrace, or independent, in your garden, to cover a passage, or over a terrace.

The light a pergola roof can be covered with canvas, canisse, or panels. More info: The canisses for shade..

There are pergolas in different style: Classic, contemporary, rustic, romantic, etc. More info: The styles of pergola.. And if you build the yourself, you will be able to adopt the style you want and leave free course to your creativity.

Pergolas can be made in different materials: wood, aluminium, plastic resin, wrought, iron steel. The Builder may choose husbands wood, wrought iron and steel. More info: Pergola materials

Difference between pergola, Arbor, marquise, awning, gazebo, gloriette?

La Pergola: this is the generic term. Attached to the House or independent structure that can serve as support to vegetation, and to create the shadow.
Arbour, gloriette and Gazebo are special cases of pergolas.

The Arbor: is a (independent) auto-portee pergola. Some gazebos are closer to the tent of garden and are more really with pergolas. The Arbor provides a shaded and isolated in the heart of the garden. It is an element of decor.

Arbor wood
Wrought iron Arbor
Arbour in tube and canvas

The Gloriette: is an independent pergola in the romantic style, with a rounded roof, grindstone but often opaque. She looks like a bird cage. The base is circular, square or hex/square. There sometimes in large parks. It is more decorative than functional.

Gloriette in a park
Wrought iron gloriette grindstone
Gloriette in square wood

Stand: identical to the gloriette. However, in large parks, the kiosk can accommodate an orchestra for concerts in the open air.

The Gazebo: the term is anglo-saxon, more used to Quebec in France. It is a small place to relax from the Sun or weather for Garden Pavilion. Usually built of wood, its openings are often equipped with mosquito nets. The Office québécois de la langue française recommends that you avoid using this term, since this anglicism competes with the term gloriette which is commonly used in Quebec.

You see, the difference between Gloriette, Arbor, gazebo and Gazebo is.

The Marquise: is a wall pergola overlooking an opening, usually a gateway. The entries of the luxury hotels are almost always capped by a splendid marquise. It is a functional element that protects the visitor of the rain, wind and the sun before entering the dwelling. But it is also an architectural element that wrap the façade with style.

Marquise classiquen, wrought iron and glass
A contemporary marquise aluminum
Marquise wood and tiles

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